Here is some interesting research by the RAND Corporation looking into whether ti is practical to demonstrate the safety and reliability of autonomous vehicles by test-driving them prior to releasing them for public use.
- Driverless cars would need to be test-driven for an impractically large number of miles in order to demonstrate reliability
- It could take tens and even hundreds of years to complete this testing and therefore test-driving is not practical for demonstrating autonomous vehicle safety
- Developers of driverless car technology will need to develop other methods to demonstrate reliability and safety and even then uncertainty is likely to remain
- Regulations for driverless cars should remain flexible in order to manage the risks and uncertainty around their reliability
- Express regret
- Explain what went wrong
- Acknowledge responsibility
- Declare repentance
- Offer to repair
- Request for forgiveness
Of these, acknowledging responsibility and offering to fix the problem are the most important elements.
Source: The 6 elements of an effective apology, according to science
Ocean energy for Indonesian sustainable development.
- At current production rates and reserves, Indonesian oil reserves will be depleted in 10 years, gas reserves depleted in 25 years and coal reserves depleted in 50 years
- Indonesia has more than 17,000 islands and three quarters of it’s total area is covered by seas and oceans. The total potential of Indonesia’s ocean energy is estimated at 100 GW.
- Tidal energy is ready to be commercialized with an estimated potential of at least 10GW. There are at least 11 areas around the Indonesian archipelago with suitable current velocities for tidal energy from either conventional tides or from a constant high-flow current known as the ‘Indonesia throughflow’ which brings water from the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean.
- The first commercial scale tidal turbine was the MCT twin-turbine device at Strangford Lough which has produced electricity since 2008.
- The first tidal array in Indonesia will have a capacity of 150MW and a privately funded budget of USD$750M with a schedule of 36 months.
- In the absence of Indonesian Government development grants for commercial-scale ocean energy projects, the Government’s Feed-in Tariff has been incentivised to allow ocean energy IPPs to deliver bankable projects with a fair return on investment for investors and shareholders. To raise investor confidence in the sector, the Indonesian Government also offers positive fiscal and policy incentives for commercial-scale, tidal-stream developments.
A biased but interesting perspective on potential US LNG developments.
Interesting analysis on the cost-benefit analysis of keeping sea lanes open using military power. The result is surprisingly low benefit which does not seem to justify the large naval expense. However, I am sure one could argue for additional benefits (geopolitical/security) other than just impact on trade.